SO – IL is an idea driven design office founded by Florian Idenburg and Jing Liu in 2008. With a global reach, it brings together extensive experience from the fields of architecture, academia and the arts. A creative catalyst involved in all scales and stages of the architectural process, SO – IL approaches projects with an intellectual and artistic rigor fueled by a strong commitment to realizing their ideas in the world.

SO – IL has worked on an array of projects ranging in scale from the master plan of a cultural campus in Shanghai, China to a series of prints for the Guggenheim Museum. Projects include the flagship store for Benetton in NYC, student housing in Athens, Greece, the presence of the Frieze Art Fair in NYC, and a campus museum at UC Davis.

The work has received numerous awards, including the MoMAPS1 Young Architects Program, the AIA Young Practices Award and the Emerging Voices award by the Architectural League. SO – IL has been widely featured in international publications such as The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Fast Company and Domus, and in exhibitions at the Guggenheim Museum and the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Los Angles Forum for Architecture and Urbanism, Studio-X in Beijing and Kunsthal KAdE in the Netherlands

clients include




Florian Idenburg, principal

Florian Idenburg (1975, the Netherlands) holds a MSc. in Architecture from Delft University of Technology.

Prior to founding SO – IL, Idenburg gained eight years of experience at the practice of Pritzker laureates Kazuyo Sejima + Ryue Nishizawa / SANAA. Idenburg is Associate Professor in Practice of Architecture at Harvard’s Graduate School of Design.

Jing Liu, M Arch, principal

A native of China, Jing Liu received her education in China, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States, concluding with a Master of Architecture from Tulane University School of Architecture in New Orleans.

Liu worked at New York based Kohn Pedersen Fox and Starwood prior to founding SO – IL. Liu is currently teaching at Columbia University’s GSAPP and faculty at Parsons The New School for Design.

Ilias Papageorgiou, principal

Ilias has been with SO – IL since its inception in 2008 and has played a key role to the firm’s recognition and success. Besides practicing, Ilias has been a frequent guest critic at  universities, and with SO – IL has taught design studios at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation. Ilias was born in Athens, Greece. He holds a Diploma of Architecture from the Aristotle University in Greece, and a Masters in Architecture from Harvard University.

Ted Baab, associate, joined SO – IL in 2011. He has overseen projects including Benetton, the aDAPT microunit competition, IDEO offices and the Shenzhen Biennial. Ted holds a Master of Architecture from Harvard University.

Site concept by Geoff Han and Linked by Air. Update and restructuring by E Roon Kang. Many photos on this site by Iwan Baan. Portraits by Akira Yamada



general: office@so-il.org

press: press@so-il.org

employment: work@so-il.org (submit pdf maximum 2mb)