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18. Party Wall 1&2

Client: Oliaros SA
Location: Athens, Greece
Program: Residential, commercial
Area: Party Wall 1, 500m² / 5.400 sf Party Wall 2, 1.600m² / 17.200 sf
Status: Party Wall 1, Competition finalist in 2009; Party Wall 2, Schematic design in 2010

In the downtown neighborhood of Kerameikos and Metaxourgeio, Athens Greece, SO — IL is working on an urban housing development. The project was initiated in 2009 with Party Wall 1, a proposal for a student housing building that was selected as a finalist in the UPTO35 international competition. In the following year, SO — IL was commissioned to develop a continuation of Party Wall 1 on a site opposite that of the competition. Party Wall addresses both the dynamic nature of student life and the intimate quality of the neighborhood.

No phase in life offers such an array of experiences as that of being a student. Emotions and moods rush from intimacy and concentration to exuberance and celebration. No time is as social and diverse and never is one’s mind as open. The way we live in these years fundamentally impacts the person we become.

The city of Athens, and particularly the districts of Kerameikos and Metaxourgeio, are characterized by a potpourri of building types, most of them closed and senseless, facing narrow streets. Backyards (dictated by code) are left dirty, unused and out of sight. Life in these neighborhoods has an intense, diverse edge, which has not been allowed to totally diffuse throughout the area.

Party Wall, instead of the default backyard model, shifts the building mass to one side of the site, aligning it along the side property line opening up a range of possibilities. Under this model, a yard with the required 4.55m setback allows the urbanity to become an integral part of the living experience, while providing a communal zone as a buffer between the public and intimate realms of life. This design offers a new porous housing type—one that filters rather than shields. The yards can proliferate to form an internal network, reviving the city blocks from within. The strategy can be applied in variations (back-to-back or back-to-front), thus diversifying the qualities of the shared spaces. The yard provides perfect daylight, intimacy and views. It extends the spaciousness of the rooms of the homes. Layering spatial qualities from focused and private on the inside, to shared and social at the outer façade, encourages students to quickly shift between these modes.

Party Wall 1 holds four floors and a basement with a total of 18 rentable student apartments, outside terraces and a communal laundry room. Party Wall 2 offers a mixture of unit types and floor plans catering to a variety of lifestyles. It includes 3 layers of parking, 26 residential units, a copy shop and café.